The first reference to the Sabbath is found in Genesis 2:3 and refers to God ceasing his creative acts. The absence of "evening" and "morning" indicate that this is a continuous rest, until the time when man fell into sin. It should be noted that there was no obligation on man's part to keep the Sabbath! In fact, there are 2500 years of silence about it after the first mention, and not a word is said about it until 430 years after God had made the Covenant of grace with Abraham. The second mention (2500 years later) of the Sabbath is found in Exodus 16:23 and then in Chapter 20:8-11 it appears as part of the 10 commandments to Israel. Please note that the law was given to Israel, NOT THE WORLD! NOW WHY? BECAUSE THE SABBATH WAS A SIGN BETWEEN GOD AND ISRAEL. Read Exodus 31:13-17. BY THE WAY, DID YOU NOTICE GOD INSTITUTED THE DEATH PENALTY FOR THOSE WHO REFUSED TO KEEP IT? WHAT ABOUT THE MAN FOUND GATHERING STICKS ON THE SABBATH, OR THE KINDLING OF A FIRE ON THE SABBATH? Makes you wonder why those who want to keep the Sabbath law don't want to keep it all???
Ezekiel 20:12: "Moreover also I gave them my sabbaths, to be a sign between me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them." FRIEND, THE LAW, INCLUDING THE SABBATH WAS GIVEN TO ISRAEL!
Did Christ keep the Sabbath? Yes, He did. He did not come to destroy the law but to fulfill it (Matthew 5:17-18). However, at His crucifixion He cried, "It is finished" meaning the Law was fulfilled and after His resurrection you don't find Him keeping the Sabbath, rather you find Him leaving us the example of the Lord's Day.
Paul observed the Sabbath with the Jews until he turned to the Gentiles and from that point on you find him meeting with the Church on the Lord's Day. In fact, after Acts 18 there is no mention of the Sabbath in the Scripture (with the exception of Colossians 2:16, which shows the Sabbath abolished the dispensation of Grace). After the crucifixion and resurrection, the Church met on the first day of the week. Luke 24:11, John 10:19, Acts 20:7, 1 Corinthians 16:2, Revelation 1:10 all indicate the Believers met on the 8th day, 8 being the number of new beginning, resurrection in Bible numerology.
Now is the Sabbath the Lord's Day? NO! There is no such thing as a "Christian Sabbath".
Is there a day which Christians should set aside for WORSHIP, PRAISE, PREACHING AND GIVING? YES, THE LORD'S DAY, SUNDAY. THE DAY OF NEW BEGINNINGS. IF YOU FOLLOW THE EXAMPLES OF THE EARLY CHURCH, YOU WILL MEET ON THE 8TH DAY WHICH IS THE FIRST DAY OF THE WEEK. EVERY BORN-AGAIN BELIEVER SHOULD HAVE A BIBLE BELIEVING CHURCH IN WHICH TO WORSHIP, FELLOWSHIP, LEARN, GIVE, PRAISE AND SERVE OUR RISEN LORD!